Android开发:高斯模糊blur效果

代码来自:http://blog.csdn.net/huli870715/article/details/39378349
原文对三种方法做了测试,这里直接上最优代码。个人感觉效果仍然不是那么好,在ZTE Grand S II(骁龙800+2G RAM)上运行大概需要十几ms,第一次启动会更长。
布局:




    

    

    

Controller的代码:

 @ViewById
    ImageView image;
    @ViewById
    TextView text;

    @AfterViews
    public void afterViews()
    {
        applyBlur();
    }
    private void applyBlur() {
        image.getViewTreeObserver().addOnPreDrawListener(new ViewTreeObserver.OnPreDrawListener() {
            @Override
            public boolean onPreDraw() {
                image.getViewTreeObserver().removeOnPreDrawListener(this);
                image.buildDrawingCache();
                Bitmap bmp = image.getDrawingCache();
                blur2(bmp, text);
                return true;
            }
        });
    }

    @Override
    public void setTopBar() {

    }

    private void blur2(Bitmap bkg, View view) {
        long startMs = System.currentTimeMillis();
        float radius = 2;
        float scaleFactor = 20;
        Bitmap overlay = Bitmap.createBitmap((int)(view.getMeasuredWidth()/scaleFactor), (int)(view.getMeasuredHeight()/scaleFactor), Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(overlay);
        canvas.translate(-view.getLeft()/scaleFactor, -view.getTop()/scaleFactor);
        canvas.scale(1 / scaleFactor, 1 / scaleFactor);
        Paint paint = new Paint();
        paint.setFlags(Paint.FILTER_BITMAP_FLAG);
        canvas.drawBitmap(bkg, 0, 0, paint);
        overlay = ImageUtil.fastblur(getActivity(), overlay, (int) radius);
        view.setBackground(new BitmapDrawable(getResources(), overlay));
        PToast.show("cost " + (System.currentTimeMillis() - startMs) + "ms");
    }

fastblur:

 /**
     * Android api 17实现的虚化
     * 某些机型上可能会Crash
     *
     * @param context
     * @param sentBitmap
     * @param radius     大于1小于等于25
     * @return
     */
    @SuppressLint("NewApi")
    public static Bitmap fastblur(Context context, Bitmap sentBitmap, int radius) {
        if (sentBitmap == null) {
            return null;
        }
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT > 16) {
            Bitmap bitmap = sentBitmap.copy(sentBitmap.getConfig(), true);

            final RenderScript rs = RenderScript.create(context);
            final Allocation input = Allocation.createFromBitmap(rs,
                    sentBitmap, Allocation.MipmapControl.MIPMAP_NONE,
                    Allocation.USAGE_SCRIPT);
            final Allocation output = Allocation.createTyped(rs,
                    input.getType());
            final ScriptIntrinsicBlur script = ScriptIntrinsicBlur.create(rs,
                    Element.U8_4(rs));
            script.setRadius(radius /* e.g. 3.f */);
            script.setInput(input);
            script.forEach(output);
            output.copyTo(bitmap);
            return bitmap;
        }
        return stackblur(sentBitmap, radius);
    }

    /**
     * 纯Java实现的虚化,适用老版本api,外部只需调fastblur,会自动判断
     *
     * @param sentBitmap
     * @param radius
     * @return
     */
    private static Bitmap stackblur(Bitmap sentBitmap,
                                    int radius) {

        Bitmap bitmap = null;
        try {
            bitmap = sentBitmap.copy(sentBitmap.getConfig(), true);
        } catch (OutOfMemoryError e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return sentBitmap;
        }

        if (radius < 1) {
            return (null);
        }

        int w = bitmap.getWidth();
        int h = bitmap.getHeight();

        int[] pix = new int[w * h];
        bitmap.getPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);

        int wm = w - 1;
        int hm = h - 1;
        int wh = w * h;
        int div = radius + radius + 1;

        int r[] = new int[wh];
        int g[] = new int[wh];
        int b[] = new int[wh];
        int rsum, gsum, bsum, x, y, i, p, yp, yi, yw;
        int vmin[] = new int[Math.max(w, h)];

        int divsum = (div + 1) >> 1;
        divsum *= divsum;
        int dv[] = new int[256 * divsum];
        for (i = 0; i < 256 * divsum; i++) {
            dv[i] = (i / divsum);
        }

        yw = yi = 0;

        int[][] stack = new int[div][3];
        int stackpointer;
        int stackstart;
        int[] sir;
        int rbs;
        int r1 = radius + 1;
        int routsum, goutsum, boutsum;
        int rinsum, ginsum, binsum;

        for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
            rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
            for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
                p = pix[yi + Math.min(wm, Math.max(i, 0))];
                sir = stack[i + radius];
                sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
                sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
                sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);
                rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);
                rsum += sir[0] * rbs;
                gsum += sir[1] * rbs;
                bsum += sir[2] * rbs;
                if (i > 0) {
                    rinsum += sir[0];
                    ginsum += sir[1];
                    binsum += sir[2];
                } else {
                    routsum += sir[0];
                    goutsum += sir[1];
                    boutsum += sir[2];
                }
            }
            stackpointer = radius;

            for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {

                r[yi] = dv[rsum];
                g[yi] = dv[gsum];
                b[yi] = dv[bsum];

                rsum -= routsum;
                gsum -= goutsum;
                bsum -= boutsum;

                stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
                sir = stack[stackstart % div];

                routsum -= sir[0];
                goutsum -= sir[1];
                boutsum -= sir[2];

                if (y == 0) {
                    vmin[x] = Math.min(x + radius + 1, wm);
                }
                p = pix[yw + vmin[x]];

                sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
                sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
                sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);

                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];

                rsum += rinsum;
                gsum += ginsum;
                bsum += binsum;

                stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
                sir = stack[(stackpointer) % div];

                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];

                rinsum -= sir[0];
                ginsum -= sir[1];
                binsum -= sir[2];

                yi++;
            }
            yw += w;
        }
        for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {
            rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
            yp = -radius * w;
            for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
                yi = Math.max(0, yp) + x;

                sir = stack[i + radius];

                sir[0] = r[yi];
                sir[1] = g[yi];
                sir[2] = b[yi];

                rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);

                rsum += r[yi] * rbs;
                gsum += g[yi] * rbs;
                bsum += b[yi] * rbs;

                if (i > 0) {
                    rinsum += sir[0];
                    ginsum += sir[1];
                    binsum += sir[2];
                } else {
                    routsum += sir[0];
                    goutsum += sir[1];
                    boutsum += sir[2];
                }

                if (i < hm) {
                    yp += w;
                }
            }
            yi = x;
            stackpointer = radius;
            for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
                // Preserve alpha channel: ( 0xff000000 & pix[yi] )
                pix[yi] = (0xff000000 & pix[yi]) | (dv[rsum] << 16)
                        | (dv[gsum] << 8) | dv[bsum];

                rsum -= routsum;
                gsum -= goutsum;
                bsum -= boutsum;

                stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
                sir = stack[stackstart % div];

                routsum -= sir[0];
                goutsum -= sir[1];
                boutsum -= sir[2];

                if (x == 0) {
                    vmin[y] = Math.min(y + r1, hm) * w;
                }
                p = x + vmin[y];

                sir[0] = r[p];
                sir[1] = g[p];
                sir[2] = b[p];

                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];

                rsum += rinsum;
                gsum += ginsum;
                bsum += binsum;

                stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
                sir = stack[stackpointer];

                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];

                rinsum -= sir[0];
                ginsum -= sir[1];
                binsum -= sir[2];

                yi += w;
            }
        }

        bitmap.setPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);
        return (bitmap);
    }

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